A Legislative History of the European Migrant Crisis

03/15: Council of the European Union approves emergency assistance for Greece amid rising tide of migrants.

04/15: Following a globally covered spate of migrant deaths in the Mediterranean, the European Council holds a special meeting to address funding and policy issues with efforts to stop traffickers.

08/15: Refugees and police clash at the North Macedonian border. Germany announces that the Dublin Regulation will not be enforced against Syrians already inside its borders.

09/15: Agreement to relocate 120,000 migrants from frontline states to other EU members is finalized.

10/15: Hungary, dissatisfied with EU border control efforts, seals its border with Croatia. Croatia and Slovenia tighten their own border controls.

Hungarian border patrol, courtesy of Wikimedia user Rlevente.

11/15: Germany announces it will resume enforcing Dublin Regulation for new arrivals. European and African countries’ heads of state meet in Malta to discuss the burgeoning crisis; results in EU setting up an emergency fund for African countries in exchange for assistance stemming flow of migrants.

02/16: Bulgaria closes its borders. EU leaders formally adopt the Malta Declaration.

03/16: North Macedonia, Slovenia, and Croatia close their borders. Turkey and EU sign agreement to deport rejected asylum applicants from Greece to Turkey.

05/16: European Union approves prolongation of border controls within the Schengen Area.

12/16: Council of the European Union comes to agreement on systematic checks for external EU borders.

02/17: Italy forms agreement with UN-backed Libyan Government of National Accord to fund development, and train Libyan coast guard to turn back migrant vessels.

06/17: With EU encouragement, the United Nations for the first time imposes sanctions against human traffickers (in this case, in Libya).

09/17: Xenophobic nationalist party Alternative for Germany (AfD) enters the German parliament. EU heads of state hold informal meeting, agree to strengthen cooperation with gatekeeper countries like Turkey, Libya, and Egypt.

11/17: CNN airs footage of migrants being sold at slave auctions in Libya.

Refugees crossing the Mediterranean sea, from Turkey to the Greek island of Lesbos. Via Mstyslav Chernov.

02/18: European Parliament reaches agreement on new rules instituting pan-European immigration liaison officers.

05/18: German cabinet approves legislation to allow family reunifications for some refugees.

08/18: Council of the European Union adopts resolution to strengthen European Border and Coast Guard Agency.

03/19: European Commission declares crisis officially at an end.

Further Reading

Timeline – response to migratory pressures by the European Council & Council of the European Union

A chronology of the refugee crisis in Europe via InfoMigrants

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