In a world ridden by COVID-19 support for wildlife conservation may boost. Recent efforts to understand COVID-19 have people looking more closely at the ties beween the spread of zoonotic diseases to humans. Experts from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), as well as West Africa Biodiversity ad Climate Cage (WA-BiCC) identified wildlife trafficking and human encroachment on wildlife habitats as threats to global supply chains and increased vulnerability to the spread of wild animal-borne illnesses.
How do we stop wildlife poaching/trafficking?
It takes several tools to deter and stop wildlife trafficking. Partners and policies must work together to adopt and bring together practices to decrease crime on wildlife. The WWF’s wildlife crime initiative (WCI) aims to break the links between wildlife trafficking organized crime by working with governments and law enforcement globally. The WCI will detect ad seize illegal products and facilitate with the conviction of these criminals. New technologies and innovations will be needed to dismantle criminal networks and detect activity. Supply numbers directly relate to demand. It is imperative to stop the buying of illegal wildlife products as much as it is to stop the sourcing. Demand must be significantly and permanently reduced. To do this we need to change consumer behaviors. WCI aims to foster change in critical markets by targeting perception and motivation behind certain products. Although this will take time, this multipronged approach is the only way to decrease crime on wildlife.
Creating and Monitoring Wildlife Conservations
In order to foster growth and development amongst endangered and at-risk wildlife conservationists develop protected areas. These protected areas ensure the long-term survival of global biodiversity and safeguard against the dangers of invasive species and wildlife crime. The Global Wildlife Conservation is a key player in the conservation of wildlife around the world, fostering areas in over 40 countries. Identifying wildlands by evaluating biodiversity and threat level partners and stakeholders are able to work together to create new protected areas.
Today there is significant dispute over wildlife conservation. Much of this stems from concern over property and rights. As governments expand their reach on a national and international level, they face conflicting claims regarding property. A close look at determination of property rules must be taken to continue to protect wildlife, both animals and habitats. There is great concern that established property forms do not adequately encompass wildlife. The UN designed the Biodiversity Convention to protect all the key elements of biological diversity. Although this highlighted conservation as a global issue, it left states rights to dictate their own biological resources. Currently, wildlife is managed within three types of property: state, private and communal. In response to states not significantly protecting wildlife, conservationists propose private ownership as an alternative approach to effective biodiversity conservation. Private lands however are less reliable as they are limited in capacity, size, and open to reallocation/ownership. With conservation increasingly driven by politics and economics, our property rights do not effectively establish foundation for conservation policies going forward.