When floods of people come to your nation in search of a better life how do you facilitate the needs through our current system? How can we improve them?
There were no law restricting immigration until the late 1800’s with the passing the Page Act of 1875 and the Chinese Exclusion act of 1882 (The Week, 2019). In the 1920 legislators passes a strict quota. The strict quotas left 300,000 people on a waiting list to get to the United States (The Week, 2019). The laws later changed after world war two when many people were displaced. This led to the first U.S. legislation that recognized asylum seekers. This legislation was the Displaced Persons Act of 1948. This act was signed into law by President Harry Truman and this law gave certain European refugees permanent residence. But this law had a limited time frame from 1948 and ended 1952.
In more recent news, Senators Dick Durbin and Orrin Hatch proposed a bill in 2001 called Development, Relief and Education of Alien Minors Act. This bill would have provided a pathway to legal status for Dreamers, undocumented immigrants brought to the United States illegally by their parents as children. But this bill did not pass. In 2012 President Barack Obama signs Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) which temporarily shields some Dreamers from deportation, but doesn’t provide a path to citizenship. This executive order partly accomplished part of what the senators tried top accomplish with the dream act.
Who seeks asylum in the united states?
According to the U.S. department of state the county with the most arrivals through the years 2000 to 2017 were from Burma.
The second most were be from Iraq after the beginning of the Iraq War in 2001.
The third most is a combination of all other countries combined.
Its interesting to see the numbers of people immigrating to the untied states as it directly contradicts the main stream stereotypes of what we usually see being portrayed in the media.
From 2015 to 2017 the majority of asylees are under the age of 17.
The sex disparity has gotten more even through these years with 2017 having a 3000 difference with males and female asylees.
The Secure and Protect Act of 2019
This legislation is taking a different epoch to the immigration system. Sponsored by republican senator Lindsey Graham this bill’s goal is to strengthen border security. He states that “Word is out on the streets in Central America that if you bring a child with you – regardless of whether or not it is actually your child – America’s laws can be manipulated to allow you to stay in the United States.” According to senate.gov this bill would would have asylum applications processed in refugee processing centers. These processing centers would not be located in the united states but instead in the northern triangle and Mexico. This legislation would also keep families together for 100 days instead of the twenty now and introduce 500 more immigration judges to reduce backlog of cases. This legislation is aimed more for the securitization of the border. Lastly, the senator says this in regard to the bill “ It should go without saying but travel from Central America to the United States is a dangerous and treacherous journey, particularly for children…This legislation will help protect children by ensuring asylum claims are filed from their home area, not after a thousand mile journey.”
Refugee Protection Act of 2019
This legislation is a great example of adding protections to people seeking the safety of asylum. This bill can be read in full on the congress.gov or linked here. This bill is a comprehensive bill aimed at adding protection not only for asylee’s but for any immigrant crossing the border. This bill is in its early stages and has only been introduced to the subcommittee on immigration and citizenship. This bill would keep families together, provide more transparency in immigration decisions etc. If you want to rad a short comprehensive list on this legislation please read my Five Facts About the Refugee Protection Act of 2019.
Detailed Account of the Refugee Protection Act
This legislation would…
..allow people to reopen their cases that would grant more of a chance to be granted asylum.
..put a stop to “metering” and allowing everyone to cross the border without being left in the harsh environments.
..end the prosecution of crossing the boarder illegally and by no longer make it an offense.
My take on passing the Refugee Protection Act
The bill in question that would directly help many asylum seekers that come to the United States is the Refuge Protection Act of 2019. There are multiple things that need to happen in order for a bill of this standing to get passed in a republican majority. This bill is seen as a very controversial one by the republican side. The general view of republicans on immigration was not to fix am immigration system but instead securitize the border. The republican view is focus on crime crossing the border more then to make the system easier on those seeking asylum. An example of a republican can be explored in my Asylum: what are our options? Post this legislation is called the Secure and Protect Act of 2019. So lets take that legislation for example and see what is proposes. In this legislation they propose asylum center in the northern triangle and Mexico as well as adding more judges to the immigration sector. Some differing points are making it so unaccompanied minors can be sent back to their country and still separating families but instead of 20 days it will be 100 days. This leaves us the question where are we willing to compromise and how do we get the votes?
I propose we add a amendment that adds the 500 judges from the republican bill as well as setting us asylum centers as a supplementary instead of those centers handling all asylum duties. This would help getting moderate votes this would allow the bill to get pas as the majority in the senate is only the majority by five seats. Adding these amendments would also some cooperation across the aisle. This would be huge as it is melding two immigration bills one form each side of the party to better the chances of it passing. It can show that even under the trump administration there can still be bipartisan cooperation.